عنوان مقاله [English]
The current paper deals with one of the most important issues in social sciences, which is the issue of the "other" from the perspective of two different thought systems. First, phenomenology as one of the most effective philosophical movements of the twentieth century in the West and the second is transcendental wisdom as a complete philosophical system. Although efforts by phenomenological sociologists for applying its philosophical concepts to answer social sciences questions have long begun, and people like Schutz have played an important role in forming the kind of sociological thinking that is known today as phenomenological sociology, the complexities of Husserl's philosophy, as well as the differences between these sociologists and Husserl's theories on some issues, including the main issue of this paper, necessitate a more serious examination for this problem. On the other hand, since it has been a long time that, paying attention to the capabilities of the intellectual system of transcendental wisdom for social sciences issues has also had acceptable results, the paper intends to examine the important issue of the "other" from the perspective of two approaches of phenomenological sociology and social theory that can be deduced from transcendental wisdom, considering the fundamental differences between the two aforementioned intellectual systems.