عنوان مقاله [English]
The main question of this paper is what are the harms of social ethics related to Surah Al-Baqarah and what solutions have been proposed to get out of them. The hypothesis emphasizes that by referring to the verses of Surah Al-Baqarah, it can be seen that the main moral harm in the Islamic society of Medina in the process of formation is breaking the covenant, which has caused various other moral damages such as prejudice, stubbornness, corruption, disobedience to the leader, immorality, and disharmony. Therefore, Allah Almighty in the process of revelation of verses, step by step and gradually sought to identify those harms and has stated strategies such as remembering divine blessings, patience, saying prayer, charity and spreading piety in Islamic society to find their solutions. In this process, it has been tried to introduce the grounds for the formation of harms, their identification, and their solutions, and finally provide the initial steps of the Islamic society to move towards an ideal society. The findings suggest that breaking the covenant can lead to various moral harms in the personal, political, and social arena, including disharmony and violation of the order of the leader of the Islamic society. This research has been carried out through a descriptive-analytical method.