عنوان مقاله [English]
Deconstruction and the Possibility of Realization of Justice
Although deconstruction has often been accused of being neutral and indifferent towards ethical values, in this paper, which is a case study of Derrida's views using an intertexuality analysis, we will observe how Derrida explicates deconstruction as a positive and normative strategy in realization of justice. He considers state authority deconstructable due to its dual, contradictory quality while, on the other hand, justice and the general, universal ethical values cannot be deconstructed. This very fact allows for the possibility of a redesign and reform of the existing laws in the direction of realizing justice. Derrida talks about a rigorous revision of legal system on the basis of an inclination for the "impossible justice", a justice beyond the calculating logic of the law. In this sense, deconstruction is not just a theory about philosophical or literary texts which would have nothing to do with the external realities, but it is rather a moral approach to the world that can change our way of thought and social life in response to "the other". In addition, at the end of this case study, we tried to carry out a critical comparison with the perspective of Muslim philosophers and theologians, especially Motahari's views on the just and liberating characteristic of Islamic teachings.