عنوان مقاله [English]
It is impossible to regard the individual and society separate, and in relation with the other, the two elements mean. By relationship between the individual and society in social approach, after the debate of originality of the individual or its non-originality, the writer means the extent and type of society's influence on evolution and change in individual's personality and the direction and amount of the individual's effect on society and the type of their interaction.
In that interaction, both the individual has many functions and powers, and society possesses many effects. Despite many efforts have been made to integrate the two elements in philosophical, sociological inquiries, there are one-sided perspectives that threaten these integrations. However, with a satisfactory view and by attention to Quran's verses, each one's role has been considered acceptably, that prevent us from extreme views.
In this view, both the individual has responsibilities toward society and society own duties for the individual. Quran views right as a mixture of the two individual and social attributes so that neither the individual could exit from society's influences and ignore it, nor society could be indifferent towards its elements, while Quran intends a third dimension along with the two ones, and it is the divine dimension. Meaning because the world possesses a special intelligence and perception, it isn't apathetic towards human's actions and behaviors and reacts to their individual and collective actions. This paper, with regard to Quran's verses and with an emphasis on the valuable al-Mizan commentary, examines these aspects.