عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This article is going to study the theoretical foundations of “Rene Guenon”- the founder of descriptive-analytical method of traditionalism. Traditionalism is a religious intellectual movement, which emerged in the intellectual and social arena of the west in the early twentiethcentury, and started to oppose newly-developed modernity sothat itcould bringto justice the renovated world, which was eliminating divinity in the interpretation of the world and human; italso took the truth-seeking human’s right back. Contrary to the western thought, Guenon interpreted the world and human on the basis of a specific epistemological system, in which the universe, knowledgeand humanitywerebased on a vertical hierarchy of reality; in this chain, the lower levels got their existence from the higher ones jointly. Inthis view, Guenon affected all his works byhis own mystical approach, and entered science, intellect, philosophy and social fields.