نوع مقاله : علمی ـ پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری دانش اجتماعی مسلمین، گروه جامعهشناسی دانشکده فرهنگ، علوم اجتماعی و رفتاری دانشگاه باقرالعلوم ع، قم، ایران (نویسنده مسئول).
2 دانشیار گروه جامعهشناسی دانشکده علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه جامعهشناسی دانشگاه باقرالعلوم ع، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Bryan Turner is one of the thinkers who is trying to create a positive position in social theory with the principle of "life-affirming instinct" in Nietzsche's views based on the solid foundations that appeared in the thinkers of the 20th century, especially Nietzsche. The main question of the current research is that basically by examining his views, in the physical existence that could be seen especially in the thinkers of the 20th century, what is the justification for the re-entry of religion into the fields of theorizing and is this confrontation a coherent confrontation or again it has turned towards functional theories? The present study deals with this issue by examining the documents of Turner's viewpoints and analyzing its directional content. Through benefiting from the fundamental methodology as a theoretical framework, this study seeks to examine the coherence of his views in the face of religion and has reached the conclusion that not only Turner violated Nietzsche's foundations about thinking in many of his positions, but also violated the inherent rules of religion with its social rules. In addition, despite the materialistic approach, he has also dealt with beliefs and values in detail, and with a functional approach, he tries to fill the gaps caused by physicality in the global society with the virtue of citizenship resulting from religious teachings.