نوع مقاله : علمی ـ پژوهشی
استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم و فرهنگ اسلامی، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The proper understanding and feeling of criminal justice is one of the important social issues for citizens, which its realization depends on the provision of criminal justice indicators in criminal processes on the one hand, and the society and individuals having appropriate emotional and cognitive backgrounds on the other hand. Deducing the ideal criminal justice criteria is the result of years of experience and reflection, which is reflected in approaches such as "restorative approach". Examining the factors and contexts of citizens' understanding of these criteria through findings in sociological and psychological sources and inspired by religious texts is the subject of this study. The findings of this study suggest that if the criteria of criminal justice are objectively achieved in the penal system, the perception and favorable feeling of criminal justice for the citizens will be achieved only when they, in addition to awareness and believing in the criteria of criminal justice, shouldn't be vulnerable to have emotional growth and enjoyment of social justice and should not have any problems in meeting their "basic needs of life" which are ranked ahead of "needs of justice". All these factors, along with the bureaucratic order in the country's administrative system and accurate, transparent, and honest information about criminal processes in the judicial system, can provide suitable contexts for the citizens' perception and ideal feeling of criminal justice in their current society.