عنوان مقاله [English]
The relationship between religion and civilization is one of the fundamental issues that, despite its great importance, has not been examined through a theoretical approach. The present paper seeks to deal with this issue from a theoretical point of view and to answer the question via a descriptive-analytical method that the type of attitude towards the relationship between religion and civilization and its extent is subject to which key variables. According to the findings of this study, two basic variables are involved in this direction. First, the type of attitude towards religion and its domain, and second, the type of definition of civilization and its aspects. On the one hand, the type of maximal or minimal approach in determining the domain of religion is directly effective in determining its relationship with civilization. On the other hand, the one-dimensional or two-dimensional definition in defining civilization plays a role in determining the type and extent of its relationship with religion. From the conflict of these attitudes with each other, three maximum, minimum and negative views about the relationship between religion and civilization are obtained, each of which analyzes this relationship from a different perspective.
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