عنوان مقاله [English]
For various reasons, Attar's time, is the age of anti-wisdom and the struggle against reason and its consequences. Basically, the issue of focusing on reason in all affairs has been emphasized in all religions and sects. However, in the time of Attar, the emphasis on narrative affairs and resorting to words had replaced scientific documents, as a result of which we are facing a decrease in the effects of reasoning and the diversity and multiplicity of narrative works. Currently, in this study, first, we try to answer the question of whether the tendency to reason has diminished. Secondly, what are the causes and reasons for it? Thirdly, how has it been reflected in Attar's works as one of the literary features of that era? The purpose of this study is to answer the above questions and to clarify the atmosphere of the era in question from the perspective of this research. The research method in this paper is analytical-descriptive and library method. The results of the study indicate that such a rational condemnation of sciences in Attar's works is influenced by the social conditions of his time. Among the factors influencing this are the policy of the Abbasid caliphs, the policy of the Seljuk kings, the orientation of the institution of the Ministry of Establishment and the growth of religious schools, the domination of anti-rational groups such as the Ash'aris and the decline of rationalist groups such as the Mu'tazilas.