عنوان مقاله [English]
Joseph Schock, a German Orientalist, has carried out extensive studies of Islamic jurisprudence. In his view, Islamic law is the essence of Islamic thought, and jurisprudence has been integrated into its own culture, despite the fact that other legal systems such as ancient Rome, the Talmudic-Jewish rights and Iran's Sassanid era have been influenced by imported materials in their culture, which has become an unprecedented phenomenon. Is. With the help of the historical and methodological presuppositions of Goldziger, Shakhtar, in his study of Islamic jurisprudence of the early Islamic period, dissociates the historical link between hadith and jurisprudence by referring to the phenomenon of the "common circle". In this way, according to him, the hadiths are not true and fake. Shakhtar emphasizes the import of this science with this argument. It also recognizes jurisprudence as a social knowledge that governs the Muslim community and its core is social justice. The jurisprudential rulings are social sentences applied to the activist. Hence, the core of the system of thought of jurisprudence is activist and activist.Therefore, the knowledge of jurisprudence, as well as being social knowledge, consists of theories of the miners. Moreover, this knowledge does not claim to be universal, and it is dedicated to the Muslim community due to Qur'anic rulings and decrees, which, in certain cases, have been adopted from the Quran and originally originated from the West. In spite of his praise from jurisprudence, he summarizes these views in a false view of the social knowledge of Muslims.