عنوان مقاله [English]
Among the important perspectives and approaches about religion, is functional theory which based on certain principles and basis and try to explain the source and origin of religion according to personal and social functioning in both psychological and sociological approach.
In some works and ideas of thinkers and Muslim scholars also discussed human tendency toward religion and religious backgrounds and cognitive and emotional needs, and has used of functional approach to justify the religious tendency.
In this article, the most important distinction functional point of view from the perspective of Western scholars and Muslim scholars discussed and scholars explained the general and specific critics about exaggerated use of this explanation in method and basis.
Also in this article, the content of two perspectives will be discussed and Reduction view toward the religion will be criticized.
Of course the functional justification in these perspectives differ from each other that the main differences refer to the ignoring the truth of the religion and not distinguishing between the source and origin of religion.
Keywords: religion, function, origin, religion, functional explanation, secularizatin.