عنوان مقاله [English]
Weber, based on the specific notion of wisdom and action, has conceptualized the rationality of social action, while the concept of reason and action is not the same as the concept of reason and action from the perspective of Islamic philosophy. Therefore, the rationality of social action from the perspective of Islamic wisdom has been refined using the comparative study method with Weber's view. The results are :
in Weber's analysis, based on his type of look at the human perception and movement, reason has been reduced in a way, and action Unique to the Independent practical reason. And the rationale of social action also means having a mathematical calculation to achieve the goals of life, And the Western community is considered a rational society, which at the same time is also in a crisis of spirituality.
But Islamic philosophy, based on another look at the nature of man and his perceptual power, sees wisdom as the capacity to perceive meanings. And the action is also derived from the will of the fervor forces, influenced by the power and the Tendencies of the scullion and superior human beings. Therefore, they define the rationale of social action based on the wisdom of finding meaning. And observing the rational method is just One of the criteria for being rational, and in this situation, society also does not face the crisis of spirituality.