عنوان مقاله [English]
Mourning, due to its personal and social constructive role, has a special status in the Islam school and the biography of the Prophet’s Household. However, this fertile ritual, like any fruitful practice, doesn't have its desired results if it doesn't been policy made and implemented. Mourning means accompaniment and sympathy in the sadness and sorrow of the others which Shiites put a special interpretation on it and largely apply it to the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (peace be upon him). This paper, with an archival method and based on historical and existing resources, in addition to chronicled investigation to this religious phenomenon, seeks to scrutinize the cultural and social damages against it and present some solutions. Some major issues of this phenomenon, which needs to be explored and explained, are as follows: reviewing the Islam's biography, the mourning types, the quality of states' encounter with it, as well as examining its form- and content-related damages like emotional approach to mourning, its conversion to a habit, its mixture with ethnic culture, primacy of the form over the substance, overstatement in poems and using musical instruments.