عنوان مقاله [English]
Undoubtedly, social phenomena as the subject of a study, as complex as they are, have several aspects and sides, the correct analysis of each of which requires its own appropriate method. Therefore, researchers in the field of social studies have tried to develop a special study method in this area to be able to explore phenomena more closely to reduce the possibility of error. Of course, one should not ignore the fact that if all social phenomena are studied from a reductionist point of view through one or more general methods, it is likely that the researcher will deviate from his goal, which is a better and more accurate knowledge of social phenomena. Therefore, as far as possible, a unique method should be used for each social issue and phenomenon. In this study, the author intends to examine the theoretical challenges, which is one of the most frequent phenomena in today's societies, through an appropriate method and then, for its analysis, provides a special methods for university students in the field of social knowledge to gain a more accurate understanding of the challenge before them and finally present the results to the experts in the field of opinion and the rulers in practice. The proposed method is, in fact, a beacon that can be used to study the challenge from multiple aspects and not be only limited to one aspect.