عنوان مقاله [English]
The foundation of the Islamic society is based on the mosque. The mosque, with its various functions in various social dimensions and with emphasis on the spiritual aspect, has a guiding role for human beings towards Allah Almighty. The teachings promoted from the mosque are all organized by directing the individual and social life of human beings to the path of righteousness and, as a result, his happiness. The mosque, apart from its inner capacities to guide human beings, can make the public space similar to its inner space in interaction with other institutions of society. The general expectation from the environment around the mosque is the impact of the spiritual atmosphere inside the mosque on its surroundings. However, today the environment around the mosque is mainly influenced by external social life and the mosque has little effect on it for various reasons, and therefore we see committing all kinds of crimes, social incompatibilities, tensions, thefts, conflicts, etc. in the neighborhood and communities where there usually exists a mosque. The question is how the mosque can act in the face of these minor problems and help improve its surrounding environment. The research method is descriptive-analytical. The Findings suggest that the capacities of improving the social environment around the mosque have not been well identified and explained, and therefore have been less used in practice. The mosque can help improve the neighborhood and its surroundings and play a special role in the formation of Islamic society through activating its interaction mechanisms with the surrounding environment, such as defining specific parts of the mosque and neighborhood, using the capacity of social and managerial science elites, and benefiting the ability of families to take on some roles in official institutions.