عنوان مقاله [English]
The hypocrite is a social type that has come about through communication with others and is the product of the action and the expectations of others from such a person. A hypocrite has two opposite faces, while a healthy man is in harmony with his appearance. Apparently, the collective conscience of Iranians denies the pretense, but some research suggests that it’s regarded as a social skill and a means to achieve goals.
This article seeks to answer the question of what are the structural factors of pretense in Iran. To achieve this, we have tried to identify the hidden structures of the society, using the critical methodology and focusing on theoretical and conceptual models. The essay first begins with the conceptualization of "hypocrisy" and "duplicity" and to characterize the meaning of pretense. Then, inspired by the Machiavellian theory, as well as the "formal and informal society," theory and with a contemplation of existing structures, it enumerates the elements of pretense. Findings of the research are indicated in three levels of macro, middle and micro. With the conflict approach, the "conflict between formal and informal values" in Iran can be considered as the underlying and hidden layer that several factors (middle factors) arise from it. The acquisition of profits and dignity is also presented at the micro level.
* قرآن کریم
44.Goffman, E (1959), Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, Garden City, Anchor Books.