عنوان مقاله [English]
Based on the views and social theory of Shahid Sadr, every society consists of three elements: nature, human, and relationship. The nature of the third element is what distinguishes the nature of human societies from each other. The Holy Qur'an calls the formative nature of this relationship as Istikhlaf (succession). According to istikhlaf, human has set foot on earth as a divine successor and trustee. What kind of family system is drawn based on the theory of succession of Shahid Sadr is a question that this paper seeks to answer with interrogative and analytical methods, focusing on the valuable works of Shahid Sadr. The general structure of the successive family system is that there is a successive spirit in all family relationships and at every level. In the successive family system, the man is the "guardian" and this concept is not called patriarchy. Maintaining the status of women in this system is one of the most important elements of the Qur'anic family, which has many functions. Playing this role is to perform tasks such as housekeeping, marriage and raising children, hisn (fortress), and protection and meeting the material and spiritual needs of the family while maintaining the status of "muhsin (the married man)" and "guardian" of the spouse. The innate and real status of father in the successive family system is the guardian, manager, protector, head, prince, and householder of family members and spouse. Extracting the words "Muhsin" and "Qayim (meaning the married man and the guardian respectively)" for men and the words "Muhsnah" and "Qanetah" (meaning a married woman and an obedient woman respectively) from the Qur'an for the social status of women is one of the innovations of this study.
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